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Internet2 PROJECT
Building on the tremendous success of the last ten years in generalizing and adapting research Internet technology to academic needs, a number of universities are now joining together with government and industry partners to accelerate the next stage of Internet development in academia. The Internet2 project, as it is known, will bring focus, energy and resources to the development of a new family of advanced applications to meet emerging academic requirements in research, teaching and learning.

The project will address major challenges of the next generation of university networks. First and most importantly, a leading edge network capability for the national research community will be created and sustained. For a number of years beginning in 1987, the network services of NSFnet were unequaled anywhere else. But the privatization of that network and the frequent congestion of its commercial replacement have deprived many faculty of the network capability needed to support world class research. This unintended result has had a significant negative impact on the university research community.
Project Director (Acting)
Mike Roberts (Educom)
Second, network development efforts will be directed to enabling a new generation of applications that fully exploit the capabilities of broadband networks - media integration, interactivity, real time collaboration - to name a few. This work is essential if new priorities within higher education for support of national research objectives, distance education, lifelong learning, and related efforts are to be fulfilled.

Third, the work of the Internet2 project will be integrated with ongoing efforts to improve production Internet services for all members of the academic community. A major goal of the project is to rapidly transfer new network services and applications to all levels of educational use and to the broader Internet community, both nationally and internationally.

Internet2 Project Charter University Members
(as of 10/16/96)

University of Arizona          Mely Tynan
Arizona State University       Bill Lewis
California State University    Tom West
Univ of California System      Stuart Lynn
Univ of California - Berkeley  Jack McCredie
Univ of California - Davis     Carole Barone
Calif Inst of Technology       Richard Fagen
Carnegie Mellon University     Alex Hills
Case Western Reserve           Ray Neff
University of Chicago          Greg Jackson 
Colorado State University      Julian Kateley
University of Colorado         Ken Klingenstein
Cornell University             David Lambert
Duke University                Betty La Compagnon
Emory University               Jim Johnson
Florida State University       Jeff Bauer
University of Georgia          Walter Mcrae
George Washington Univ         Doug Gale
Harvard University             Anne Margulies
University of Hawaii           David Lassner
University of Illinois-UC      George Badger
Indiana University             Christopher Peebles
Iowa State University          George Covert
University of Iowa             Bill Decker
MIT                            Jim Bruce
Michigan State University      Paul Hunt
University of Massachusetts    Dan Blanchard
University of Michigan         Jose-Marie Griffith
University of Minnesota        Don Riley
University of Oregon           Joanne Hugi
Oregon State University        Joy Hughes
University of Nebraska         Walter Weir
North Carolina State           Bill Willis
Northwestern University        Mort Rahimi
University of North Carolina   Bill Graves
University of Notre Dame       Larry Rapagnani
Ohio State University          Jim Davis
Pennsylvania State University  Gary Augustson
University of Pennsylvania     Jim O'Donnell
Princeton University           Ira Fuchs
Purdue University              John Steele
Rutgers University             George Laskaris
University of South Florida    William Kearns
Stanford University            Raman Khann
Vanderbilt University          Don Spicer
Virginia Tech                  Erv Blythe
University of Virginia         Polley Ann McClure
University of Washington       Ron Johnson
University of Wisconsin        Tad Pinkerton
Yale University                Dan Updegrove

Internet2 Project working committees

Steering Committee Chair
Gary Augustson (Penn St)
Bill Graves (UNC)
Chair Engineering
Greg Jackson (Chicago)
Chair Charter and Goals
Raman Khanna (Stanford)
Stuart Lynn (UC), Chair
Doug Van Houweling (Michigan), Chair


At a meeting in Chicago in October, 1996, representatives of thirty-four universities agreed unanimously to endorse the goals of the project, committed their institutions to finding the resources necessary to participate in the project, and pledged initial funding to enable planning efforts to proceed without delay. A current list of members is appended to this document.

Five working committees were formed, and chairs appointed as noted below. The committee chairs will comprise an interim steering committee while a permanent project organization is formed and staffed. Gary Augustson of Penn State has agreed to chair the steering committee in order to maintain good coordination with the Educom Networking and Telecommunications Task Force, whose steering committee he also chairs.

It was agreed that charter membership in the project will remain open for a limited time for additional institutions who are in a position to commit the resources necessary for participation.

Joining the project involves the following basic institutional commitments:

  • Creating a project team to support the applications development and advanced network services objectives of the project.
  • Establishing broadband Internet connectivity on an end to end basis for development, testing and use of applications
  • Participating at the executive level in the overall management of the project.
  • Contributing necessary financial support to the above activities and to the central management and administrative expenses of the project.

Based on the information available at this time, it is estimated that institutional expenses of all kinds may reach $500,000 per year over the next several years. A substantial fraction of this amount may be covered by networking and related budgets already in place, depending on individual institutional circumstances.


The project will be conducted in phases over the next three to five years, with initial participation expected from fifty to one hundred universities, a number of federal agencies, and many of the leading computer and telecommunications companies, including firms such as IBM, Cisco Systems, AT&T, MCI, and Sun. The overall project technical plan and architecture is contained in a companion document to this statement entitled "Internet2 Architecture."

In the initial project phase, end to end broadband network services will be established among the participating universities. On a parallel basis, applications design will commence using teams of university faculty, researchers, and industry experts. It is expected that within approximately eighteen months, "beta" versions of a number of applications will be in operation among the Internet2 participating universities.


As announced by President Clinton on October 10, 1996, the federal government will participate in Internet2 through the programs of its major research agencies, who will provide grant support in their areas of program interest, such as the NSF vBNS meritorious high performance networking initiative. In most respects, the partnership and funding arrangements for Internet2 will parallel those of previous joint networking efforts, of which the NSFnet project is a very successful example. Industry partners will work with campus-based and regional university teams to create the advanced network services that are necessary to meet the requirements of broadband, networked applications.

Funding for the Internet2 project will include both financial and in kind services and products of various types that will be necessary for the project. Since most of the project effort will occur on or near university campuses, it is anticipated that the majority of funding from government research agencies and industry partners will be in the form of grants to the participating universities.


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